The Irani are an ethno-religious community in South Asia ; they belong to the Zoroastrians who emigrated from Iran to South Asia in the 19th century. The Parsis and Iranis may also be considered legally distinct. This is based in part on a obiter dictum that, among many other issues relating to the Indian Zoroastrians, also observed that Iranis of the now defunct Bombay Presidency were not obliged to uphold the decisions of the then regulatory Parsi Panchayat. Although the term 'Irani' is first attested during the Mughal era , most Iranis are immigrants who arrived on the subcontinent also during the 19th and early 20th centuries, that is, when Iran was ruled by the Qajars and when religious persecution of Zoroastrians was rampant. The descendants of the immigrants of those times remain culturally and linguistically closer to the Zoroastrians of Iran , in particular to the Zoroastrians of Yazd and Kerman. Consequently, the Dari dialect of the Zoroastrians of those provinces may also be heard amongst the Iranis.